Court of Appeal allows appeal in Yadly Marketing

Arfan Khan was instructed as lead Counsel and led on the appeal to the Court of Appeal. The appeal was allowed. The case is reported as Yadly Marketing v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] WLR (D) 621; [2016] EWCA Civ 1143.

The full judgment can be accessed online here or by clicking the PDF link below:

Yadly v Secretary of State pdf

In so far as material, the case summary reported in the [2016] WLR (D) 621 reads as follows:

“Yadly Marketing Co Ltd v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWCA Civ 1143

Arden, Beatson Henderson LJJ

2016 Nov 8; 23

Practice — Documents — Filing — Penalty notice issued in respect of overstaying employees — Last day for filing appellant’s notice falling on public holiday when court office closed — Appellant’s solicitor filing notice day after — Whether statutory language to be construed as granting an extra day — Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006 (c 13), s 17(4)

The Home Office’s Civil Penalty Compliance team issued a civil penalty notice on the employer pursuant to section 15 Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006 in respect of employees who were working without appropriate leave. The employer filed a notice of objection under section 16. The Secretary of State issued an amended notification of liability on 25 April 2014, in which it was stated that, under section 17(4) of the 2006 Act, any appeal had to be brought on or before 26 May 2014, which in fact was a bank holiday Monday when the court offices were closed. On 27 May 2014 the employer attempted to issue an appeal at a county court which wrongly refused to accept it. A further attempt to issue the appeal was again wrongly refused on 28 May. The employer then posted an appellant’s notice to a different county court and the appeal was lodged on 30 May 2014. When the case was listed for appeal the Secretary of State applied for the appellant’s notice to be struck out as out of time. The judge allowed the Secretary of State’s application, determining that there was no provision in the 2006 Act for an extension of time for appealing, that CPR r 2.8(5) did not apply to statutory time limits and that the delay between the rebuff received at the county court on 27 May and the papers arriving at a different county court on 30 May indicated that the employer had not done all it could to bring the appeal within the prescribed time limit and therefore there were no exceptional circumstances justifying a time extension.

On the employer’s appeal—

Held, appeal allowed. While it was not open to the court to extend the time limit of a statutory period for the bringing of an appeal under section 17 of the Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006, where the last day of the specified number of days fell on a public holiday or on a day when the relevant public office was closed for the entire day, section 17 was to be construed as requiring the delivery of the relevant document to the court office itself on the following business day. Further, while the scope for departure from a 28-day time limit such as that in section 17 was extremely narrow, a person was entitled to serve notice at the last possible moment and the relevant period was not to be cut down by bringing it forward. In the present case, the time limit would have been brought forward by three days and, therefore, the employer had been entitled to file its appellant’s notice on the day after the bank holiday. Moreover, the employer had done all it could to issue the appeal in time and the county court’s error constituted exceptional circumstances justifying an extension of time and the judge was wrong to determine otherwise (paras 27, 36, 38, 41, 45, 46).

Pritam Kaur v S Russell & Sons Ltd   [1973]  QB  336, CA applied.

Van Aken v Camden London Borough Council   [2003]  1  WLR  684, CA, Mucelli v Government of Albania   [2009]  1  WLR  276, HL(E) and Adesina v Nursing and Midwifery Council   [2013]  1  WLR  3156, CA considered…”.

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